Constitution & Laws

Revised March 1, 2017

Article 1


The National Convention

Sec. 1. Name.
The supreme legislative and governing body of WoodmenLife shall be known as the National Convention.


Sec. 2. Powers.
a) Jurisdiction and Powers. The National Convention shall have plenary, original and appellate jurisdiction in all matters pertaining to WoodmenLife and its general welfare. It shall have the power to enact laws for its own government, the government and management of WoodmenLife in general, and its subordinate bodies and subsidiaries. It shall be the sole judge of its elections and the qualification of its own National Convention Officers, National Convention Representatives and members of WoodmenLife.

(b) Power To Suspend or Remove Its National Convention Representatives and Members of WoodmenLife. It may, by itself when in session, or through the National Board of Directors when the National Convention is not in session, by a two thirds vote of either body, suspend or remove any of its National Convention Representatives or members of WoodmenLife for violating any of the laws of WoodmenLife or for doing any other act or thing which tends to bring reproach upon the National Convention, WoodmenLife or any of its National Convention Representatives or members of WoodmenLife or for any other good and sufficient cause. In addition to this provision, all National Convention Officers or the National Board of Directors when the National Convention is not in session may be removed as outlined in Article 2, Section 7 of this Constitution and Laws. Any National Convention Representatives or member of WoodmenLife suspended or removed under this subsection may appeal to the Judiciary Committee and National Convention as provided in Article 1, Section 2(a) and Article 9 of this Constitution and Laws.


Sec. 3. Composition.
(a) National Convention Representatives. The National Convention shall be composed of the National Convention Representatives. The National Convention Representatives include the National Convention Officers, the members of the Judiciary and Legislative Committees, Jurisdictional Presidents, Immediate Past Jurisdictional Presidents and duly elected National Convention Delegates from each Jurisdiction. Each National Convention Representative is entitled to one vote on any issue properly before the National Convention for vote.

(b) National Convention Officers. The National Convention Officers shall be the same persons as comprise the National Board of Directors of WoodmenLife.

(c) National Convention Delegates. The National Convention Delegates consist of the duly elected individuals from certain Jurisdictions as outlined and identified in Article 5, Section 4 of this Constitution.

(d) Alternate National Convention Representatives. In case a Jurisdictional President, an Immediate Past Jurisdictional President, or a National Convention Delegate from any Jurisdiction is unable to attend the National Convention, then the Jurisdictional Vice President, the Past Jurisdictional President most recently elected or an alternate National Convention Delegate from such Jurisdiction, respectively, if otherwise qualified, shall be certified by the Credentials Committee as a National Convention Representative of that session of the National Convention with all the powers and privileges of his/her principal, provided that notice requesting the substitution is received in the Home Office at least fourteen days in advance of the opening date of the National Convention. No person shall be certified as an alternate National Convention Representative except as herein provided.

(e) Suspensions. Any National Convention Representative, or an alternate thereto, who is not a Good Standing Benefit Member shall, thereby, forfeit all rights and privileges of such office, and such office shall be declared vacant by the President & CEO of WoodmenLife.


Sec. 4. Officers of the National Convention.
The officers of the National Convention shall be the same persons as comprise the National Board of Directors of WoodmenLife when the National Convention is not in session.


Sec. 5. Sessions and Quorum of the National Convention.
(a) Regular Sessions. Regular sessions of the National Convention shall be held every four years in the odd-numbered years beginning in 1965, at such times and places as may be determined by the President & CEO of WoodmenLife. Sessions of the National Convention may be postponed in the event of war or other national emergency as determined by the President & CEO of WoodmenLife.

(b) Special Sessions.
(1) Special sessions may be called by the President & CEO at any time and place, when authorized by two-thirds of the entire National Board of Directors. Special sessions shall be called and convened by the President & CEO, within sixty days, at such time and place as may be set forth in a demand therefor in writing by at least two-thirds of the entire National Board of Directors.

(2) Special sessions shall have all the authority and powers possessed by regular sessions and shall be composed of the National Convention Representatives who attended, or were entitled to attend, the last regular session of the National Convention.

(c) Quorum. A majority of the National Convention Representatives entitled to sit in any session of the National Convention shall constitute a quorum to open the National Convention. A simple majority of those present and voting shall be sufficient to decide all motions and other issues rightly before it, except as otherwise provided in this Constitution and Laws.


Sec. 6. National Convention Committees.
(a) Standing Committees. There are hereby created the following standing committees of the National Convention the members of which shall be appointed by the President & CEO on the last day of each regular session to serve until the close of the succeeding regular session and whose duties shall be as herein enumerated:

(1) Legislation Committee. The Legislation Committee shall be composed of fifteen National Convention Representatives of the National Convention session at which they are appointed and who shall perform the duties set forth in Article 10, Section 2(b) of this Constitution and Laws. WoodmenLife's General Counsel shall serve as an ex officio member of the committee.

(2) Judiciary Committee. The Judiciary Committee shall be composed of not fewer than five or more than seven National Convention Representatives. No person shall serve for more than two consecutive terms. The committee shall elect one of its members as Chairman and one as Secretary and notify the President & CEO and Secretary of WoodmenLife thereof. The General Counsel of WoodmenLife shall serve as an ex officio member without voting privileges.

(3) Additional Standing Committees. The President & CEO shall have authority to appoint such other standing committees from among the adult benefit members of WoodmenLife and/or the then-National Convention Representatives as the President & CEO shall see fit, to assist the National Convention in the transaction of any of its business.

(4) Term of Office. The term of office of the members of all standing committees of the National Convention shall be until the adjournment of the next regular session of the National Convention. No person may serve consecutive terms on the same committee unless serving by virtue of his or her office, except members of the Judiciary Committee who may serve up to two consecutive terms.

(b) Special Committees. Notwithstanding Constitution and Laws, Article 1, Section 5(c) herein, at the commencement of and during each session of the National Convention, the President & CEO may appoint such special committees from among the current or past National Convention Representatives as he may deem necessary, to serve during that session only.

(c) Nominating Committee. The Nominating Committee is considered a Special Committee of the National Convention. Sixty days prior to the opening of the next regular session of the National Convention, the President & CEO shall appoint the members of a Nominating Committee, subject to approval by a majority vote of the National Board of Directors, who shall recommend a slate of National Convention Officers for approval by the National Convention Representatives. The terms of office of the members of the Nominating Committee of the National Convention shall be sixty days prior to the commencement of the National Convention until the close of the National Convention. No member of the Nominating Committee may serve more than two consecutive terms on the Nominating Committee.

(d) Vacancies. Except as otherwise provided in this Constitution and Laws, vacancies occurring on any of the standing or special committees of the National Convention, or any other committee herein authorized, may be filled by the President & CEO.

(e) Additional Qualifications of Committee Members. No person shall be appointed to, or remain a member of, a Special, Nominating or Standing Committee of the National Convention, or any other committee created and/or authorized by this Constitution and Laws, unless he/she is a Good-Standing Adult Benefit Member of WoodmenLife.


Sec. 7. Expenses of National Convention Representatives.
The National Convention Representatives shall be paid their reasonable expenses for attending the sessions of the National Convention.


Sec. 8. National Convention Qualification and Disqualification.
(a) Qualification of National Convention Officers. No person shall be elected by the National Convention as a National Convention Officer thereof, be appointed thereto, or hold such office unless the person is a Good Standing Benefit Member.

(b) Disqualifying Occupations and Events. Any person who violates any insurance statute or regulation or any federal or state criminal law that would preclude or prohibit his or her employment by WoodmenLife or who becomes, or has been within the year immediately preceding, an officer of or holder of a position of trust with any other fraternal benefit society or life insuring institution shall be ineligible to become or remain a National Convention Officer or to be a National Convention Delegate or a Jurisdictional Convention Delegate unless such person is granted a specific waiver to serve by WoodmenLife's Executive Committee; provided, however, individuals who held a position with another fraternal or life insurance institution who became members of the Sales Force may become secretaries of Chapters and Youth Chapters of WoodmenLife. This shall not be construed as disqualifying any person who is an attorney or physician employed occasionally or temporarily by any such life-insuring institution and shall not disqualify a person employed by another society that merges with WoodmenLife if such persons are otherwise qualified.


Sec. 9. Method of Nomination, Election, Term of Office and Installation of the National Convention Officers.
(a) Nominations. The names of prospective National Convention Officers must be submitted to the President & CEO of WoodmenLife by a Good Standing Benefit Member of WoodmenLife sixty days prior to the National Convention along with an application stating each member's qualifications for the office. The President & CEO shall forward each name and application of the prospective National Convention Officers to the Nominating Committee, who shall review each application and recommend a slate of National Convention Officers. National Convention Representatives may also nominate from the floor of the National Convention, during the designated time, a prospective National Convention Officer, provided such prospective National Convention Officer's name was submitted to the President & CEO of WoodmenLife by a Good-Standing Benefit Member of WoodmenLife sixty days prior to the National Convention, along with an application stating the member's qualifications for the office. Any floor nomination not first submitted to the President & CEO and Nominating Committee as set forth herein shall be considered out of order and void. Prior to inclusion of any floor nomination to the slate of official nominations to be voted on by the National Convention, said floor nomination(s) must first be sent back to the Nominating Committee to validate whether the nominee has appropriate credentials to serve as a National Director and may only be added to the formal slate of nominees upon express written approval of the Nominating Committee. There shall be no nominations made by the Nominating Committee or made from the floor that create contests between two nominees. All nominations must be submitted as a universal slate of nominees with only the highest vote getters, in accordance with Article 1, Section 8(a) and Article 2, Section 1 herein, being elected as National Convention Officers.

(b) Election. The election of all National Convention Officers shall be by ballot, at such time during the session designated therefor in the order of business or as may be determined by the National Convention, except that when there is one candidate nominated for an office, the nominee(s) may be elected by a voice vote. The election shall be decided by a majority. In cases where a ballot is used, a committee consisting of WoodmenLife's Vice Presidents (excluding the General Counsel) shall serve to distribute and certify the results to the National Convention. No vote may be cast by proxy. There shall be no election that decides a contest between two nominees. All elections must include an entire slate of nominees with only the highest vote getters in compliance with Article 2, Section 1 herein becoming National Convention Officers. No motion, except to take a necessary recess, shall be entertained during said election.

(c) Term of Office. The election of the National Convention Officers shall be held at each regular session of the National Convention. A National Convention Officer shall serve until his successor is qualified and elected as discussed herein.

(d) Installation of National Convention Officers. The National Convention Officers of the National Convention shall be installed by the President & CEO or by anyone he/she may designate.

Sec. 10. Order of Business.
At all sessions of the National Convention, business shall be taken up in the order established by the President & CEO. The order of business may be transposed by the presiding officer at any time, as occasion may require.

Sec. 11. Recording and Publishing Proceedings.
The Secretary shall record all the proceedings of the National Convention. A synopsis of the proceedings of the National Convention, including all affirmative actions, thereof, shall be published in the official publication of WoodmenLife.

Article 2


The National Board of Directors

Sec. 1. Composition and Independent National Directors.
(a) Composition. The National Board of Directors shall be composed of the President & CEO (who shall serve as the Chairman of the National Board of Directors unless determined otherwise in accordance with Article 2, Section 9(a) herein), Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer; Executive Vice President, Secretary; Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer; and up to ten (10) additional members, at least eight of whom shall be Independent National Directors as defined in Article 2, Section 1(b). If the National Board Chairman so elected is an Independent National Director, he shall be counted as one of the eight Independent National Directors as described in Article 2, Section 1(a). The National Board of Directors may approve additional Executive Vice Presidents, for appointment by the President & CEO, as may be deemed necessary to manage WoodmenLife. Such additional Executive Vice Presidents shall serve on the National Board of Directors, provided that at no time shall there be more than fourteen Directors. Other than the President & CEO and three Executive Vice President positions, at no time shall the National Board of Directors contain more than two National Directors who have been previously employed or contracted with WoodmenLife as an Executive Officer, Home Office Employee, Recruiting Sales Manager or Regional Director within the previous ten years unless such requirement is waived by a unanimous vote of the National Board of Directors.

(b) Independent National Director. An Independent National Director is any individual who has not been actively employed with WoodmenLife within the previous three years as an Executive Officer, Home Office Employee, Recruiting Sales Manager, or Regional Director.


Sec. 2. Duties and Powers.
(a) Powers. All power and authority of the National Convention, when not in session, shall be vested in the National Board of Directors, except as herein elsewhere provided.

(b) Examine Transactions of its Members. The National Board of Directors may examine the transactions of its members at any time and shall receive such reports from its members as are required of them in this Constitution and Laws. It shall transact any other business rightfully before it.

(c) Authority. It shall have the authority to act on behalf of the National Convention between regular meetings of the National Convention. The National Board of Directors shall have the authority to approve mergers, divestitures, consolidations, and acquisitions, subject to and in accordance with applicable laws, and pursuant thereto has the authority to execute and enter into merger, divestiture, consolidation, or any form of acquisition agreements, articles of merger, divestiture or consolidation, certificates of assumption, representations and warranties, as well as any other documents necessary to effectuate a merger, divestiture, consolidation or any acquisition. The National Board of Directors shall have further authority, subject to and in accordance with applicable laws and any required regulatory approval, to borrow money and issue financial instruments in connection therewith, including, without limitation, promissory notes, surplus notes or such other instruments of indebtedness as approved by the National Board of Directors, and pursuant thereto to enter into, execute and deliver such financing agreements and instruments for such purposes as the National Board of Directors deems necessary and appropriate, including, without limitation, financing to effectuate mergers, divestitures, consolidations, or acquisitions.

Legislation and other matters may be adopted by means of a referendum submitted by mail to qualified National Convention Representatives when the same is approved as herein provided. Qualified National Convention Representatives, for purposes of a referendum, shall be those National Convention Representatives of the last regular session of the National Convention who are eligible to act in the capacity as a National Convention Representative at the time of the referendum.

The National Board of Directors shall have authority to make rules and regulations for the orderly operation of Chapters and Jurisdictions, which shall include, but not be limited to, changes in the Bylaws and Rules of Order of subordinate bodies, subsidiaries and affiliated entities as defined in WoodmenLife's Articles of Incorporation and Constitution and Laws, provided such changes do not conflict with this Constitution and Laws.

(d) Power in Event of Taxes and Additional Payments. In the event any state or other taxing authority shall place any levy, tax or other charge upon any benefit certificate of membership issued by WoodmenLife and/or on any payments made by members, the National Board of Directors and/or the National Convention is hereby authorized to add such amount, or any part thereof, to the payments otherwise prescribed by WoodmenLife for any such certificates subject thereto, and the National Board of Directors and/or the National Convention may direct that the amount of such levy, tax or charge shall be a lien on the proceeds of any such certificates, or if a refund is made, it may be deducted therefrom, in both cases with interest thereon at the rate of five percent per annum, compounded annually.

(e) Funds of WoodmenLife. The funds of WoodmenLife shall be as follows:
(1) Insurance Fund. The Insurance Fund shall be a sum equal to the liability of WoodmenLife in connection with all benefit certificates and accrued expenses in relation to such certificates, together with an additional special reserve for fluctuation of assets, mortality, morbidity, interest earnings and expense. The National Board of Directors may provide for the establishment and operation of one or more separate accounts and issue contracts on a variable basis providing for the dollar amount of benefits or other contractual payments or values thereunder to vary so as to reflect the investment results of such separate accounts.

(2) Fraternal Fund. The Fraternal Fund of WoodmenLife shall consist of all of the assets of WoodmenLife, except those set forth in subsection (1) hereof. The liabilities of the Fraternal Fund shall be all liabilities of WoodmenLife except those in connection with benefit certificates and accrued expenses in connection with such benefit certificates.


Sec. 3. Meetings.
(a) Regular. The National Board of Directors shall hold regular meetings at least semiannually on such dates and at such places as may be determined by it.

(b) Special. Special meetings of the National Board of Directors may be called by the Chairman of the National Board or the President & CEO, at such times and places as either shall determine, whenever either of them deems it necessary for the good of WoodmenLife, and shall be called whenever five members of the National Board of Directors, in writing, request the same.

(c) Quorum. A majority of the members of the National Board of Directors shall constitute a quorum at all meetings, but the affirmative vote of a majority of the entire membership thereof qualified to vote thereon shall be required to determine all issues rightfully before it, except as provided to the contrary in this Constitution and Laws.

(d) Guests. Guests may be invited by the Chairman of the National Board or the President & CEO to attend any regular or special meeting of the National Board of Directors. Guests may neither vote nor participate in any debate regarding a matter; however, guests may be called upon by the Chairman of the National Board or the President & CEO to present information and answer relevant questions regarding a matter properly before the National Board of Directors.

(e) Conduct. Any meeting, regular or special, of the National Board of Directors may be conducted by telephone and/or video conference at the discretion of the Chairman of the National Board. Furthermore, in the event a National Director may not appear in person at any meeting, regular or special, of the National Board of Directors, said Director may appear via telephone or video conference at the discretion of the Chairman of the National Board.


Sec. 4. Rule Making Powers; Standing and Special Committees.
The National Board of Directors may adopt rules under which it may operate and discharge its duties. No roll call vote shall be required on any issue except in the discretion of the Chairman of the National Board or upon the request of two-thirds of the members of the National Board of Directors. Any vote may be conducted via secret ballot at the discretion of the Chairman of the National Board or upon the request of three or more members of the National Board of Directors and any such rules adopted under this section or previously adopted by the National Board prior to the adoption of this section shall remain in full force and effect until such time as two-thirds of the members of the National Board of Directors vote to amend or eliminate said rule. The Chairman of the National Board may appoint special committees of the National Board of Directors and Chairs of such committees with the approval of the National Board to expedite work and matters before it for consideration. The four standing committees shall be the Audit, Governance, Compensation, and Fraternal Committees. Members of the standing committees shall be appointed by the Chairman of the National Board on an annual basis, subject to approval by a majority vote of the National Board, and shall be comprised of no fewer than three or greater than eight Independent National Directors. The members of each standing committee and the Chairman thereof shall be appointed solely on the basis of his/her qualifications to serve on a standing committee. No person shall serve as Chairman of more than one standing committee. The number of members of each standing committee shall be determined by the National Board of Directors consistent with the requirements set forth herein. Notwithstanding these requirements, the President & CEO and one other Executive Officer recommended by the President & CEO and approved by the National Board shall be members of the Governance Committee, in addition to no fewer than three Independent National Directors.

(a) Audit Committee. This committee shall transact all business and perform such duties as may be required of it by the National Convention, the National Board of Directors or the President & CEO, and/or as required by law, and shall otherwise perform oversight and review as it shall determine to be appropriate in the proper exercise of its sound judgment and discretion. This committee shall have as its purpose to provide oversight and monitoring of WoodmenLife's internal and outside auditors, financial operations, accounting practices, enterprise risk management and other matters as dictated by the judgment of the committee under guidelines established by the National Board of Directors. This committee and/or the National Board of Directors may, in its discretion, order an examination or audit, in whole or in part, of the affairs of WoodmenLife by an independent agency as often as it shall see fit and shall do so if the Department of Insurance of the State of Nebraska shall fail to do so at such intervals as required.

(b) Governance Committee. The Governance Committee shall recommend to the National Board of Directors applicable governance guidelines; facilitate an annual review of the National Board's engagement and the President & CEO's performance for review by the National Board; recommend and/or review proposals to amend WoodmenLife's Articles, Constitution and Laws; and identify individuals qualified to become National Directors other than Executive Vice Presidents, consistent with criteria approved by the National Board. While the National Board of Directors shall be responsible for the election of a President & CEO, the Governance Committee may assist the National Board, if so requested, to seek applicants, conduct interviews and/or recommend individual(s) for the position of President & CEO. Moreover, while the President & CEO is solely responsible for the appointment of all Executive Vice President positions, the Governance Committee may assist the President & CEO, if so requested, to seek applicants, conduct interviews and/or recommend individual(s) for a vacant Executive Vice President position. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, any member of the National Board of Directors shall be empowered to make a nomination on his/her own initiative at any special or regular National Board meeting, and such nomination, if seconded, shall be considered by the National Board of Directors.

(c) Compensation Committee. This committee shall initiate and certify to the National Board for its approval and ratification the regular and supplemental compensation and benefits of all elected Executive Officers and members of the National Board of Directors. No Executive Officer or member of the National Board of Directors shall vote to approve a recommendation of this committee involving his or her regular or supplemental compensation or benefits.

(d) Fraternal Committee. This committee shall review and recommend to the National Board of Directors various fraternal initiatives, programs and benefits for members and the communities served by WoodmenLife members that are consistent with WoodmenLife's mission, values and strategy, and consistent with the laws and regulations set forth for fraternal benefit societies.

(e) Delegation of Powers. The National Board of Directors may delegate any of the powers, authority or duties it is required to perform to any standing or special committee or to any officer of WoodmenLife upon such terms or direction as the National Board may determine.

(f) Committee Charters. Any committee, standing or special, may draft and adopt a charter. While any charter should be interpreted in the context of all applicable laws and regulations, as well as the context of WoodmenLife's Articles of Incorporation and this Constitution and Laws, a charter does not establish by its own force any legally binding obligations. In the event any provision of a charter conflicts with provisions of WoodmenLife's Articles of Incorporation and/or this Constitution and Laws, WoodmenLife's Articles of Incorporation and/or this Constitution and Laws shall govern.


Sec. 5. Vacancy in Directorate.
(a) Vacancy by a National Director other than the President & CEO or Executive Vice President. A vacancy on the National Board of Directors of any National Director that is not the President & CEO or an Executive Vice President shall be filled by nomination and election by a majority of the National Board during any regular or special meeting thereof, and a successor member of the National Board of Directors shall serve during the unexpired term and/or until a successor is elected and qualified.

(b) Vacancy by Executive Vice President. A vacancy of an Executive Vice President shall be filled by the President & CEO.


Sec. 6. Procedure in Event of Vacancy in Office of President & CEO.
In the event of the death, total and permanent disability, resignation, suspension, retirement, or removal of the President & CEO, then the Chairman of the National Board of Directors; Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer; Executive Vice President, Secretary; or Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer , in that order, shall immediately call a special meeting of the National Board of Directors, which shall elect a President & CEO to serve during the unexpired term or during the period of such suspension. Until the special meeting of the National Board of Directors, the Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer, or the Executive Vice President, Secretary in his absence, shall be ex officio President & CEO. Election hereunder shall conform to the method set forth in Section 5 of this Article 2.


Sec. 7. Procedure of Determining Disability, Suspension or Removal of Members of the National Board.
The National Board of Directors shall determine when any member of the National Board is totally and permanently disabled or should be suspended or removed from office. Any decision by the National Board of Directors that any member is totally and permanently disabled, or should be suspended or removed from office, shall be by an affirmative vote of not less than two-thirds of the total membership of the National Board. The removal of the President & CEO or any Executive Vice President from the National Board of Directors under this section shall also result in the termination of his/her employment with WoodmenLife as President & CEO or as an Executive Vice President.

In the case of the Executive Vice Presidents, in addition to removal as outlined above, they may also be removed by the President & CEO, with or without cause at the sole discretion of the President & CEO.

In the event an employee, Regional Director or Recruiting Sales Manager is a member of the National Board of Directors and is removed from his position as an employee, Regional Director or Recruiting Sales Manager, said employee, Regional Director or Recruiting Sales Manager is automatically removed from the National Board of Directors.

Any member of the National Board suspended or removed under this subsection may appeal to the Judiciary Committee and National Convention, as provided in Article 1, Section 2(a) and Article 9 of this Constitution and Laws. This right of appeal does not apply to Executive Vice Presidents removed by the President & CEO with or without cause.


Sec. 8. Conflicts of Interest.
The National Board of Directors shall establish a Conflict of Interest Policy. Any National Board member violating such policy shall be suspended or removed as the National Board shall determine.


Sec. 9. Chairman of the National Board of Directors.
(a) Election of the Chairman. Unless otherwise waived by an affirmative vote of not less than two thirds of the National Board of Directors, the President & CEO shall automatically serve as the Chairman of the National Board. If so waived, the National Board of Directors shall then elect another member of the National Board of Directors to serve as the Chairman by a majority vote of the National Board of Directors. Should the National Board of Directors elect an Independent National Director as Chairman, he shall be considered one of the eight Independent National Directors as described in Article 2, Section 1.

(b) Preside Over National Board of Directors. The Chairman shall preside over the meetings of the National Board of Directors. In the absence of the Chairman, the entire National Board of Directors shall elect by majority vote an interim Chairman to preside.

(c) Additional Duties. The Chairman shall perform such other and additional duties as may be assigned by the National Board of Directors, upon such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon.

Article 3


Other Duties and Powers

Sec. 1. Executive Officers.
The President shall be the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of WoodmenLife and shall report to the National Board of Directors. The additional Executive Officers shall be the Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer; the Executive Vice President, Secretary; and the Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer. The Executive Vice Presidents shall report to the President & CEO; should a vacancy occur, the President & CEO shall appoint the Executive Vice President; and the President & CEO shall recommend the Executive Vice Presidents as part of the nominating process at each National Convention.

The specific duties of these Executive Officers shall be as described in this Constitution and Laws, in the attached Duties of Executive Officers and as assigned. In the case of the President & CEO, the National Board of Directors shall assign additional duties and responsibilities; and in the case of the other Executive Officers, the President & CEO shall assign all other additional duties and responsibilities.


Sec. 2. Bonds of Officers and Employees; Fidelity Bond.
The National Board of Directors and/or the President & CEO shall procure and maintain in force surety bonds on such officers and employees of WoodmenLife in such form and at least in such amount as required and specified by the Nebraska Department of Insurance.


Sec. 3. Execution of Contracts.
The President & CEO and any one of the remaining Executive Officers or, in the absence of the President & CEO, any two of the remaining Executive Officers of WoodmenLife shall have full power and authority to execute all contracts, documents and obligations which shall be necessary or desirable for the conduct of WoodmenLife's affairs when duly authorized to do so. The President & CEO shall have the power to delegate the signing of contracts as outlined in Section 1(r) under Duties of Executive Officers. In addition, the National Board of Directors or the Executive Committee may authorize other officers of WoodmenLife to execute documents which affect their areas of operation, subject to such directions and limitations as the National Board or Executive Committee may establish.


Sec. 4. Indemnification of Officers and Employees.
Every officer or employee and every former officer or employee of WoodmenLife shall be indemnified against losses or judgments assessed against him/her by a court of competent jurisdiction and for expenses actually and reasonably incurred by him/her in connection with the defense of any action, suit or proceeding, civil in nature, in which he/she is made a party by reason of serving WoodmenLife, except in relation to matters as to which he/she shall be adjudged in such action, suit or proceeding to be guilty of fraud, gross negligence or malfeasance in the performance of duty.

Article 4


Standing Committees of WoodmenLife

Sec. 1. Names and Composition.
The Standing Committees of WoodmenLife shall be the Executive Committee and the Investment Committee, and they shall be composed of the Executive Officers of WoodmenLife.


Sec. 2. Executive Committee.
(a) Supervision and Control Over Home Office Associates. The Executive Committee shall have supervision and control over the employment, duties, compensation, and general welfare of all persons employed by the Home Office, but may delegate such duties as it shall deem advisable, provided that no person, other than a member, shall be employed in any capacity by WoodmenLife.

(b) Operational Authority Over Group Benefits. The Executive Committee shall have supervision and operational authority over the group benefits (which includes the right to amend the plans) of all associates. Group benefits include, but are not limited to, retirement, health, dental, disability, and life.

(c) Operational Authority Over Other Matters. The Executive Committee shall have supervision and operational authority over all matters involving WoodmenLife not delegated to the President & CEO or to another officer or to a Standing Committee of WoodmenLife or to a committee of the National Convention and not inconsistent with the powers of the National Board of Directors.


Sec. 3. Investment Committee.
The Investment Committee shall have full supervision and operational authority over the invested funds of WoodmenLife. All moneys of WoodmenLife, except such amounts as may be necessary to pay current obligations, shall be invested by the committee in such investments as are, or hereafter may be, authorized by applicable law. The committee shall have authority to take any action in respect to such investments as it shall deem necessary or prudent and may delegate any such duties as it shall deem advisable.


Sec. 4. Chairman and Secretary of Standing Committees.
The President and Secretary of WoodmenLife shall be, respectively, the Chairman and Secretary of the Standing Committees of WoodmenLife.


Sec. 5. Meetings of Standing Committees. Standing Committees shall meet at stated times or on notice to all by the Chairman thereof or by a majority of their own number.


Sec. 6. Rules Governing Standing Committees.
(a) Rule Making Powers. Standing Committees shall have the power to make rules for the conduct of their affairs and to facilitate the discharge of their duties, subject to the power of the National Board of Directors to alter or prescribe other or additional rules. A majority of the members of any such committee shall constitute a quorum, but no action of any such committee shall be binding upon WoodmenLife unless taken by an affirmative vote of at least a majority of the entire membership of such committees.

(b) Standing Committees to Report. Standing Committees shall report their formal actions to each regular session of the National Convention and the annual meeting of the National Board of Directors, in writing.

(c) Alternates. All Standing Committees shall have authority, in their discretion, to designate a sufficient number of alternates to serve in the absence of a member or members thereof. Alternates shall have full authority to act in the absence of their principal when called upon to do so by the Chairman or a majority of the members of the committee.

Article 5


Jurisdictions

Sec. 1. Their Establishment and Territorial Limits.
(a) Established Jurisdictions. The territory in which WoodmenLife is authorized to do business shall be divided into units known as Jurisdictions, based on the guidelines established in this Article. A list of Jurisdictions is included with the Jurisdictional Bylaws, which are attached to this Constitution and Laws.

Except as otherwise provided, the National Board of Directors shall have authority to assign members of WoodmenLife not residing in any Jurisdiction to a Jurisdiction.

(b) Establishment of Jurisdictions. Whenever there shall be 4,000 beneficiary members in any state or combination of states, upon notification thereof by the President & CEO and Secretary of WoodmenLife, the National Convention or National Board of Directors may establish a Jurisdiction. Additional Jurisdictions may be established or subdivided, provided that any state, portion of a state or states, formerly a part of a Jurisdiction, shall be merged into one or more Jurisdictions adjacent thereto. The District of Columbia shall be regarded as a state.

(c) Abolition of Jurisdictions. The National Board of Directors shall vacate any Jurisdiction which has less than 4,000 beneficiary members on November 30 for two consecutive years. The state, portion of a state or states comprising a Jurisdiction thus abolished shall be merged into or attached to one or more Jurisdictions adjacent thereto. When so abolished and merged, all Jurisdictional offices shall stand vacated except Past Presidents.

(d) Jurisdictional Funds. Whenever any Jurisdiction is created and/or abolished, as provided in this Section, the funds and all other property of the Jurisdiction affected thereby shall be distributed and/or divided as follows:

(1) Newly Created Jurisdictions. The funds of any Jurisdiction from which a new Jurisdiction is created shall be divided in proportion to the number of benefit members residing within the territory of the new Jurisdictions and the number residing in the Jurisdiction affected by any such subdivision thereof.

(2) Abolished Jurisdictions. The funds of any Jurisdiction which has been abolished shall be divided between the Jurisdictions into which its former territory is merged in proportion to the number of benefit members residing within that part thereof so merged.

(e) Past Presidents. No member shall be a Past President of more than one Jurisdiction at any one time. Past Presidents shall be such only with respect to the Jurisdiction in which they were elected, provided they hold membership in and pay Member Dues to a chapter located therein. All Past Presidents moving from the Jurisdiction, but retaining their membership and paying Member Dues in a local chapter of the Jurisdiction, shall be entitled to attend all Jurisdictional Conventions and have all rights and privileges in the Jurisdictional Conventions as any Past President residing within the Jurisdiction.

(f) Notice to All Chapters Affected. The Secretary of WoodmenLife shall notify the Secretary of every chapter affected by the establishment and/or abolition of any Jurisdiction at least sixty days prior to the time fixed for the convening of any such Jurisdictional Convention, giving the time, date and place thereof, which shall be fixed by the President & CEO of WoodmenLife.


Sec. 2. Composition of Jurisdictional Conventions; Members to Make Reports.
(a) Composition. Each Jurisdictional Convention shall be composed of the Jurisdictional Convention Representatives. Jurisdictional Convention Representatives include the Jurisdictional Convention Officers, the National Convention Delegates to the last regular session of the National Convention and the following, each of whom shall be a Good-Standing Benefit Member of a chapter located in the Jurisdiction: Past Jurisdictional Presidents, Jurisdictional Convention Delegates from chapters located therein, and the Regional Director from each state or division thereof. Each Jurisdictional Convention Representative shall be entitled to one vote on matters considered by the Jurisdictional Convention. No person may be a Jurisdictional Convention Delegate from more than one chapter or a Jurisdictional Convention Delegate to more than one Jurisdictional Convention each biennium.

(b) Jurisdictional Convention Representatives to Make Reports. All Jurisdictional Convention Representatives shall report to their respective Chapters at the next regular meeting thereafter concerning the actions of the Jurisdictional Convention attended by them.


Sec. 3. Jurisdictional Convention Officers and Their Duties.
Jurisdictional Convention Officers and their duties are described in the Jurisdictional Bylaws, which are attached to this Constitution and Laws and which may be modified by the National Convention or the National Board of Directors.p>

Sec. 4. National Convention Representative from the Jurisdictional Convention and Alternates Thereto.
The President and the Immediate Past President of Jurisdictions shall, by virtue of their offices, be National Convention Representatives and shall be the sole National Convention Representatives of Jurisdictions comprising a single state with more than 4,000 but fewer than 7,000 beneficiary members. Each such Jurisdiction shall also be entitled to a National Convention Delegate for each succeeding 4,000 such members or three-fourths fraction thereof within said Jurisdiction in excess of the first 4,000 such members.

Jurisdictions comprised of more than one state shall be entitled to National Convention Representatives in addition to the President and Immediate Past President as follows: one National Convention Delegate from each state within its territorial limits having at least 1,000 beneficiary members therein, except the state wherein the President resides, plus one National Convention Delegate-at-large for each succeeding 4,000 such members or three-fourths fraction thereof within said Jurisdiction in excess of the first 4,000 such members. Benefit membership shall be determined by the records of the Secretary of WoodmenLife as of November 30 immediately preceding any regular session of the Jurisdictional Convention.

Each Jurisdictional Convention in regular session shall elect its National Convention Delegates and a like number of alternates. The Secretary of WoodmenLife shall mail to the Jurisdictional Presidents and Secretaries, in ample time, a statement showing the number of benefit members within their Jurisdiction as of the November 30 preceding and the number of National Convention Delegates, if any, to which their Jurisdiction is entitled. Benefit members of WoodmenLife who are benefit members of subordinate bodies located within any Jurisdiction shall be regarded as living within the same for all purposes hereof.


Sec. 5. Jurisdictional Sessions, Quorums and Expenses.
Provisions describing Jurisdictional Sessions and quorum requirements are set forth in the Jurisdictional Bylaws, which are attached to this Constitution and Laws and which may be modified by the National Convention or the National Board of Directors. The National Board of Directors shall establish guidelines for the payment of Jurisdictional expenses, shall establish rules and procedures for the payment of dues, as well as the amount of said dues, on every adult benefit member within a Jurisdiction, which shall be deducted from Member Dues paid by every adult benefit member of the Jurisdiction, and shall establish amounts, rules and procedures for additional funds, including a member proration, to be allocated to support the Jurisdictions.

Article 6


Chapters

Sec. 1. Chapters and Members Thereof.
WoodmenLife acts on a lodge system based on chapters. The term “chapter” shall include family, adult, youth, and virtual and/or digital chapters. In addition, chapters may be further defined as subordinate bodies of WoodmenLife as stated in Article 8 of WoodmenLife's Articles of Incorporation. Based on availability, members have the option of joining either a family chapter consisting of adult and youth members or a separate adult or youth chapter. Adult chapters can either operate as a family chapter or elect to maintain separate adult and youth chapters. Chapters shall exist only by the issuance of a charter signed by the President & CEO and Secretary of WoodmenLife. All benefit and social members of WoodmenLife shall be members of the chapter into which they are assigned, or into which they are transferred, subject to Articles 4 and 7 of the Articles of Incorporation.

(a) Youth Chapters. Should a separate youth chapter be chartered, such youth chapter shall be composed of the benefit members of WoodmenLife who have not attained the age of sixteen years. They may be divided and given such names or designations as shall seem appropriate to the National Board of Directors.

Every chartered youth chapter, with the permission of the President & CEO of WoodmenLife, may be attached to and shall become the responsibility of an adult chapter. Youth members not of sufficient number to be chartered may be assigned to a family or adult chapter or transferred into another youth chapter, as the President & CEO shall determine. When so assigned, the Chapter Secretary and Treasurer, as the case may be, shall serve the youth chapter and/or members in the same capacity. Funds of youth chapters shall be handled in the same manner as funds of adult chapters, except that the Treasurer shall keep a separate account appropriately named to reveal its ownership. No funds of a youth chapter shall be used for any purpose other than a youth program sanctioned by WoodmenLife.

A program of youth activities and rules and regulations for their government, including officers thereof, shall be promulgated and prescribed by the President & CEO of WoodmenLife subject to the approval of the National Board of Directors and consistent with this Constitution and Laws.

The presiding officer of each family or adult chapter to which any youth chapter and/or youth members are attached shall appoint a Program Director to direct the same in their activities, subject to the approval of the President & CEO of WoodmenLife.

(b) Transfer of Youth Members to Chapters. All youth members of WoodmenLife, upon attaining the age of sixteen years, shall be transferred to the chapter to which they or their youth chapter is attached, or, if not so attached, to the nearest family or adult chapter unless they shall request to be transferred elsewhere, subject to the provisions of this Constitution and Laws. The Secretary of WoodmenLife shall keep such records as are necessary to accomplish the foregoing.

(c) Supervisory Power of National Convention or National Board of Directors Over All Chapters. The National Convention or the National Board of Directors may prescribe rules and regulations to permit and facilitate any or all of the following:

(1) The consolidation or merger of Chapters;

(2) Joint meetings of adult members under a common ritual;

(3) The organizing, creating and establishing, on a local basis within Jurisdictions, of District Meetings; and/or

(4) The orderly operations of Chapters.


Sec. 2. New Chapters and Youth Chapters. How Chartered.
New family, adult and youth chapters may be chartered when at least twenty Good-Standing Benefit Members are secured. No charter shall be issued to youth chapters until at least twelve of the required number have attained the age of eight years. Upon attaining charter strength, a charter and all necessary supplies shall be forwarded by the Secretary of WoodmenLife to all new family, adult and youth chapters.


Sec. 3. Member Dues.
The term “Member Dues” shall mean the same as “Fraternal Dues” and shall include dues incident to membership in WoodmenLife and in a local chapter of WoodmenLife. Each member of a chapter shall have the obligation to pay dues for the support of WoodmenLife and that chapter. The standard amount of member dues shall be established by the National Board of Directors.

The amount of member dues payable to a chapter in excess of the standard dues set by the National Board of Directors shall be established by the members of the chapter, pursuant to the procedure set forth in the chapter bylaws. The National Board of Directors may, however, waive all or a portion of dues payable to a chapter in excess of the standard dues.

Member dues shall be payable to WoodmenLife with certificate payments or, as determined by the National Board of Directors, may be deducted from refunds, if any, payable under a certificate whereby payments have been waived pursuant to contract or a certificate that is paid up. In the event member dues are not paid when due, such dues may also be deducted from a certificate premium deposit fund or added to automatic premium loan amounts. Member dues may be deducted from other funds due to the member and held by WoodmenLife as determined by the National Board. Member dues collected by WoodmenLife shall be transmitted to each chapter where membership is held, unless such chapter is determined to be inactive by WoodmenLife.


Sec. 4. Powers and Duties of Chapters.
(a) Power and Limitations. Chapters shall have only such powers as are given them by this Constitution and Laws. The bylaws prescribed for their government and this Constitution and Laws shall govern them in all their transactions.

(b) Duties. Every chapter shall receive all members using the prescribed ritual of introduction. They shall not deviate from the prescribed ceremony of introduction.

(c) Additional Limitations. No chapter shall organize any corporation, association or other entity for the purpose of holding title to or managing any of its property without prior written approval of the President & CEO and Secretary of WoodmenLife and on such terms and conditions as each may prescribe. Any such entity now in existence shall hold and/or manage all such property subject to this Constitution and Laws and for the sole use and benefit of the chapter to which it belongs, beneficially or otherwise. All such entities holding legal title to any such property shall also account to the President & CEO of WoodmenLife as and when he/she shall direct and shall conform to his/her directives, even to the extent of dissolution and liquidation.


Sec. 5. Officers of Chapters, Their Duties, Meetings, and Quorum Requirements of Chapters. All provisions relating to chapter officers, their duties, meetings and quorum requirements are contained in the Chapter Bylaws which are attached to this Constitution and Laws and which may be modified by the National Convention or the National Board of Directors. The President & CEO of WoodmenLife shall appoint the Secretary for each chapter and may remove any Secretary, with or without cause.


Sec. 6. Election and Qualification of Jurisdictional Delegates.
(a) At any regular meeting prior to January 31, immediately preceding each regular session of the Jurisdictional Convention, Jurisdictional Convention Delegates and a like number of alternates shall be elected thereto in the same manner as the officers of Chapters, and the Chapter Secretary shall immediately certify the same to the Secretary of the Jurisdiction and to the Secretary of WoodmenLife. The Secretary of WoodmenLife shall determine if all persons so elected are eligible to serve, based on guidelines established in WoodmenLife's Chapter Bylaws, and certify them to the Jurisdiction by the Secretary of WoodmenLife. If any such person is found to be ineligible to serve, the Secretary of WoodmenLife shall immediately notify the chapter, which may elect another Jurisdictional Convention Delegate or alternate. The Secretary of WoodmenLife shall not certify the eligibility of any person whose notice of election is received later than March 1.

(b) Each chapter located within the territorial limits of each Jurisdiction and which has not fewer than twenty beneficiary members shall be entitled to representation in the Jurisdictional Convention according to its membership as follows: one Jurisdictional Convention Delegate for twenty benefit members; one Jurisdictional Convention Delegate for each additional 100 benefit members up to 500 additional members; one Jurisdictional Convention Delegate for each additional 200 benefit members between 520 members and 920 additional benefit members; and thereafter, one Jurisdictional Convention Delegate for each additional 300 benefit members.

The number of such Jurisdictional Convention Delegates to which any chapter shall be entitled shall be determined by the records of the Secretary of WoodmenLife as of November 30 immediately preceding the election thereof. Alternate Jurisdictional Convention Delegates to Jurisdictional Conventions shall have the same rights and privileges as their principals, in the absence of the latter.

The charters of eligible Chapters failing to elect Jurisdictional Convention Delegates and alternates shall stand suspended. Failure to so elect Jurisdictional Convention Delegates and alternates to two consecutive Jurisdictional Conventions may result in a forfeiture of chapter charters, and the President of WoodmenLife may consolidate said chapter as provided in this Article 6.


Sec. 7. Consolidation and Merger.
(a) The President & CEO of WoodmenLife, in his/her discretion, may consolidate or merge two or more family, adult or youth chapters whenever he/she deems it to be in the best interest of WoodmenLife, or he/she may, under like circumstances, transfer all the members thereof to any other such subordinate body, provided satisfactory provision is made for the payment of all liabilities of all such bodies dissolved and consolidated or merged or whose members are transferred to another such body. The President & CEO of WoodmenLife shall also have authority, in his discretion, to transfer only part of the members of any such body to another appropriate subordinate body without regard to the liabilities of the body from which they are transferred.

(b) The records, paraphernalia, badges and all other property, real, personal, and mixed, belonging to any family, adult or youth chapter dissolved, consolidated or merged, shall become the property of the subordinate body with which it is consolidated or merged except any specific property the President & CEO requests to be forwarded to WoodmenLife. The officers of the chapter which has been dissolved, consolidated or merged shall execute all deeds, bills of sale and other documents that may be necessary or required to affect any such transfer of property.

Sec. 8. Suspension, Revocation and Reinstatement of Charters.
(a) Upon the suspension or revocation of the charter of any family, adult or youth chapter, the officers thereof shall deliver to the President & CEO of WoodmenLife, or his/her duly authorized representative, the charter thereof, seal, rituals, records, funds, and all property of whatever kind or nature, title to which shall immediately vest in WoodmenLife. All members of such family, adult or youth chapter shall be immediately transferred by the Secretary of WoodmenLife to some other appropriate family, adult or youth chapter when the charter thereof has been revoked.

(b) Upon the reinstatement of any suspended charter, all property not disposed of and the proceeds of all property disposed of, together with the charter and records taken at the time of such suspension, shall be restored.

(c) Member dues belonging to family, adult and youth chapters whose charters have been suspended shall be held by WoodmenLife until their charters are restored. If said charters are not restored, but are finally revoked, the dues shall be paid to those family, adult or youth chapters to which the members are transferred in proportion to the number of such members being transferred.

Article 7


Benefit Certificates of Membership

Sec. 1. Benefit Certificate, Form and How Obtained.
(a) Benefit Certificate. A benefit certificate (which term includes a settlement option contract) creates contractual and membership relationships between WoodmenLife and others, as follows:

(1) membership in WoodmenLife vests in the person identified as a member in a benefit certificate or as the payee in a settlement option contract or a member of a group subscribing to a benefit certificate; and

(2) contractual rights and privileges as set out in the benefit certificate and which vest in the owner of the benefit certificate, if different from the member.

(b) Contracts and Waivers.

(1) The Contract. The contract between WoodmenLife and the owner consists of: the certificate, including any riders, endorsements and amendments; the application and any applications for modification of the certificate, which are based upon evidence of insurability; and the Articles of Incorporation and this Constitution and Laws, including all amendments to each, except that, where required by law, a contract on a variable basis shall be subject to the Articles of Incorporation and this Constitution and Laws in force on the date of its issue.

(2) Waiver. No officer, employee or member of WoodmenLife, the National Convention or any of its subordinate bodies, or any other person whatsoever, shall have the power, right or authority to waive any of the conditions upon which benefit certificates are issued, or to change or waive any of the provisions of this Constitution and Laws, nor shall any custom or course of dealing on the part of any person or entity whatsoever, with or without the knowledge of any officer of WoodmenLife, have the effect of so changing, modifying, waiving, or forgoing such laws or requirements. Each and every benefit certificate is issued only upon the conditions stated in, and subject to, this Constitution and Laws then in force or thereafter enacted. The knowledge or act of any employee or representative of WoodmenLife shall not constitute a waiver of the provisions hereof by WoodmenLife or an estoppel of WoodmenLife.

(c) Issued in Name of WoodmenLife. All such certificates shall be issued in the name of WoodmenLife and shall bear facsimile signatures of the President & CEO and the Executive Vice President, Chief Operating Officer.

(d) Assignment and Alienation of Benefit Certificate. Subject to the notice provisions provided herein, nothing contained in this Constitution and Laws shall be construed to limit the right to assignment or alienation by a member of his or her benefit certificate, which shall not, of itself, terminate such membership. However, no assignment or pledge of a benefit certificate shall be effective until WoodmenLife shall have received, at WoodmenLife's Home Office, written notice of such assignment or pledge. WoodmenLife shall be entitled to deal only with the owner of a benefit certificate (whether as the original owner or any subsequent assignee or pledgee of the benefit certificate pursuant to an assignment duly received at WoodmenLife's Home Office), as then reflected on its books and records, until WoodmenLife shall have received, at WoodmenLife's Home Office, written notice of the assignment or pledge of a benefit certificate or written notice of termination of the assignment or pledge, each as the case may be.

(e) Ownership/Control of Youth Certificates. For certificates which so provide, ownership of a certificate issued in the name of a youth member shall be under the sole control of the applicant until the member reaches age sixteen; under the joint control of the applicant and the member between the member's age sixteen and the age of majority; and under the sole control of the member after the member's reaching the age of majority. The applicant may, by a writing approved by WoodmenLife, transfer the applicant's rights to any person having an insurable interest in the life of the youth member or to any person as allowed by applicable law. In the event of the death of the applicant before the youth member reaches the age of majority, WoodmenLife shall recognize that person who has the duty to support the youth member, and who in fact does support the youth member, as the person who is entitled to exercise the rights of ownership and control which the applicant could have exercised.

As soon as shall be administratively practical after August 1, 2002, WoodmenLife shall provide certificates which allow the adult applicant, when applying for a certificate in the name of a youth member, an option to have ownership either in the applicant or in the youth member.

(1) Ownership/Control by a Youth Member. If the youth member is the owner of the certificate, the applicant shall retain control over the certificate until the youth member reaches the age of majority. The applicant controller can exercise all rights in the certificate, except for the right of assignment, on behalf of the youth member until the youth member reaches the age of majority. The applicant controller may, by a writing approved by WoodmenLife, transfer control to any person having an insurable interest in the life of the youth member or to any person as allowed by applicable law. In the event of the death of the applicant controller before the youth member reaches the age of majority, WoodmenLife shall recognize that person who has the duty to support the youth member, and/or who in fact does support the youth member, as the person who is entitled to exercise the rights which the applicant controller could have exercised.

(2) Ownership/Control by an Adult Applicant. If the applicant is the owner of the certificate issued in the name of a youth member, the applicant shall have the right to exercise all rights in the certificate.


Sec. 2. Applications for Membership.
(a) Every application for benefit membership in WoodmenLife shall be signed by the applicant or a designee approved by WoodmenLife. Only duly authorized members of WoodmenLife's Sales Force shall have authority to solicit such applications. Each application shall be dated as of the date it is signed by the applicant. Youth members shall be admitted to WoodmenLife only upon the application of some adult person, under such rules, regulations and requirements as shall be prescribed by the President & CEO or the National Board of Directors. “Person� shall be defined to include the trustee of a trust under which the youth member is a beneficiary, unless a trustee is not allowed under applicable law.

All provisions of this Constitution and Laws shall apply to youth certificates when the context does not indicate that they apply only to adult certificates.

(b) All applications for benefit membership must be for a benefit certificate underwritten by WoodmenLife.

(c) The Secretary of WoodmenLife shall assign each new member to the appropriate chapter or youth chapter nearest the member's home. A member shall have the right to make a written request to be assigned or transferred to another chapter under procedures established by WoodmenLife. Separate rules shall be established for the transfer of youth members.

(d) Benefit certificates in the form approved by the applicable regulatory entity and the President & CEO shall be issued only upon application for membership as provided in this section.


Sec. 3. Designation of Beneficiaries and Changes Thereof.
(a) Designation. The beneficiary or beneficiaries, and alternate or alternates, if any, shall be designated in every benefit certificate.

(b) Change of Beneficiary. Should any person having such right desire to change the beneficiary or beneficiaries named in a certificate, he may do so, during his lifetime, by submitting a written request to the Home Office of WoodmenLife giving the name or names of the new beneficiary or beneficiaries. Upon receipt of a properly completed WoodmenLife form used for this purpose and in accordance with WoodmenLife operating procedures, when such change of beneficiary or beneficiaries is approved, WoodmenLife shall formally record the change of beneficiary and send an acknowledgement. Such a change of beneficiary or beneficiaries shall not be legally effective until such time as it has been formally adopted by WoodmenLife.

WoodmenLife shall not be required to ascertain whether or not a certificate is in full force and effect before complying with any such request, and acknowledgment of any change shall not be construed as validating any such certificate.

Sec. 4. Certificate Payments.
All Members Required To Make Payments. All certificate payments due shall be made to the Home Office of WoodmenLife, on or before the first day of the monthly, quarterly, semiannual, or annual period it is intended to cover. If the reserves of WoodmenLife as to all or any class of certificates should become impaired, the National Board of Directors may require each certificate owner of WoodmenLife to make additional payments equal to the amount of the owner's equitable proportion of such deficiency as determined by the National Board, and if the said additional payment shall not be made, it shall stand as an indebtedness against the certificate and draw interest not to exceed five percent per year, compounded yearly, or alternatively the owner may consent to a reduction of the corresponding insurance benefit proportionate to the value of the additional contributions, provided there shall be no personal liability upon any member or upon any applicant for youth certificate for any such additional payments. The provisions of this paragraph shall not apply to contracts issued on a variable basis.


Sec. 5. Payment to Beneficiaries and Surviving Beneficiaries.
(a) In the event that two or more beneficiaries are designated as herein provided and one or more thereof predeceases the member, or perishes in the same disaster, or otherwise, so that it is not evident as to which died first, or if one or more of said beneficiaries are nonexistent or are unauthorized by the applicable law or under this Constitution and Laws to receive the benefits under any such certificate, and no new designation of beneficiary has been made by any person entitled to do so, that part of such benefits made payable to any such person shall be paid equally to the surviving beneficiary or beneficiaries.

(b) Should a beneficiary predecease the member, or die simultaneously with the member, so that it cannot be determined who died first, or if the member, having provided that the rights of the beneficiary shall be conditioned upon survivorship of the beneficiary for a specified period of time, and the beneficiary has failed to survive for the specified period of time, then the proceeds of the certificate shall be paid as though the beneficiary had predeceased the member.


Sec. 6. Payment of Benefits When All Primary and Alternate Beneficiaries Are Deceased.
(a) In the event that the member shall be survived by no properly designated beneficiary to who benefits can be paid, the benefits due shall be paid to the surviving spouse. If there is no surviving spouse, then said benefits shall be paid in equal shares, to the surviving children and legally adopted children of the member; if none, then said benefits shall be paid in equal shares to the surviving parents of the member. If the owner of the certificate is different than the member and there is no provision for successor ownership or for reversion to the member at the owner's death, and if the member dies without a designated or valid beneficiary, or if benefits are payable at the owner's death and the owner dies without a designated or valid beneficiary, the benefits provided by the certificate shall be paid to the estate of the owner of the certificate.

(b) In the event there are no persons surviving the member within any of the above classes, designated or undesignated, then, and in that event, all of said benefits due under any such certificate shall be paid to the estate of the member.


Sec. 7. Conflicts Between Certificate Provisions and Constitution and Laws.
All provisions in benefit certificates shall prevail in the construction of the contractual rights thereunder when there is a real or apparent conflict between said provisions and this Constitution and Laws.


Sec. 8. Applicable Conditions to Certificates Regarding Costs of Litigation.
The following shall apply to every benefit certificate: In the event WoodmenLife becomes or is made a party to any court proceeding to determine to whom any payment shall be made because of conflicting claims, or otherwise, to the proceeds of a benefit certificate, then all court costs and other necessary costs, including a reasonable fee to the attorney representing WoodmenLife, shall be paid out of the amount due under any such certificate.


Sec. 9. No Person to Have Any Rights Except as Herein Provided.
No member, or any other person claiming benefits or rights under any benefit certificate of membership issued by WoodmenLife, shall have any rights in, or claim to, any funds of WoodmenLife, except as provided in any such benefit certificate and/or this Constitution and Laws.

Sec. 10. Miscellaneous Values Payable at Death.
At the death of an insured member, the benefits to be paid to the person or persons designated by the member, or to any person identified pursuant to Section 6 of this Article 7, or to any collateral assignee, shall include the contractual benefits provided by the certificate, plus any funds held by WoodmenLife in an advance premium deposit fund, and any other funds which WoodmenLife shall determine to be payable in respect to or incidental to the certificate at the member's death.


Sec. 11. Total and Permanent Disability at Age Seventy.
(a) When any member of WoodmenLife in good standing who holds a combined benefit certificate shall have reached the age of seventy years, and shall have become presumably permanently totally physically disabled by reason of old age, and who has made provision for same by contributing at the rate therefor, as set forth in Section 12 of this Article, on application therefor and satisfactory proof thereof being furnished, on blanks provided therefor, to the Secretary of WoodmenLife at its Home Office, there shall be paid to said member from the beneficiary fund, less any indebtedness standing against the certificate, an amount equal to ten percent of that which would be due under the provisions of this certificate if he/she were deceased and at the end of each year thereafter, if he/she shall be presumably permanently totally physically disabled by reason of old age, upon making application therefor (on blanks provided for that purpose) during his/her lifetime a like amount shall be paid to him/her, less any indebtedness standing against his/her certificate, for nine consecutive years. In the event he/she dies before he/she shall have received the ten payments above provided, the amount remaining unpaid on his certificate, less any indebtedness standing against the certificate, shall be paid to his/her beneficiary, provided no sum shall be paid to said member unless he/she executes a release to WoodmenLife for the portion thereof so paid.

When any such member shall have become presumably permanently totally physically disabled by reason of old age, WoodmenLife may make a cash settlement with such member in lieu of the payment of the annual installments above mentioned.

(b) The payment of any installment or installments on a certificate by WoodmenLife to the owner of said certificate does not bind WoodmenLife for further payments unless the member has continued to be presumably totally disabled and has continued the payments of the rates prescribed in Section 12 of this Article 7.


Sec. 12. Plan of Apportionment and Readjustment of WoodmenLife.
(a) WoodmenLife's plan of apportionment and readjustment identified by the signatures of W.A. Fraser, Sovereign Commander, John T. Yates, Sovereign Clerk, and attested by the Seal of WoodmenLife and marked “Filed July 23, 1919, John T. Yates, Sovereign Clerk� and now on file in the office of the Secretary of WoodmenLife, the tables of rates as adopted by the Sovereign Camp at Atlanta, Georgia, at its 1917 session and at Chicago, Illinois, at its 1919 session, and the provisions of Section 60 of WoodmenLife's Constitution, Laws and Bylaws, as enacted at Chicago, Illinois, July, 1919, subsequently amended and reenacted at the Sovereign Camp held at San Francisco, California, June-July, 1941, and which has appeared in each edition of WoodmenLife's Constitution, Laws and Bylaws, to and including that of the 27th Session of the Sovereign Camp held at San Antonio, Texas, in June 1949, said Section 60 having been renumbered from session to session until it became Section 108 at the 26th Session of the Sovereign Camp held in October 1947, are all made a part of these Laws, by reference, as fully as though the said plan of apportionment and readjustment, the said tables of rates and the said original Section 60 of the Constitution, Laws and Bylaws, as amended, were expressly rewritten, incorporated and included herein.

(b) Members to whom Universal Whole Life Certificates were issued on and after December 31, 1919, shall pay the rates per $1,000 of benefits at age of entry as set forth in the tables of rates as adopted by the Sovereign Camp at Chicago, Illinois, July, 1919, and on file in the office of the Secretary, and as last published in the Constitution, Laws and Bylaws of WoodmenLife, as amended and reenacted in June-July 1941 at San Francisco, California.


Sec. 13. Modifying the Terms of a Life Insurance Certificate After Issue.
Modifying the terms of a life insurance certificate after issue by adding or removing a rider or endorsement, increasing or decreasing the death benefit, changing the death benefit option, reinstating the certificate after lapse or changing the rating class is permitted by WoodmenLife, except as limited by the certificate provisions and subject to WoodmenLife's underwriting requirements and administrative practices.

Article 8


Dispute Resolution Procedures

Sec. 1. Resolution of Chapter and Jurisdiction Disputes.
(a) Purpose. The purpose of this Section 1 is to identify the means by which members, chapters, Jurisdictions, or WoodmenLife may present and resolve grievances involving chapter or Jurisdiction matters or charges against other members, chapters, Jurisdictions or WoodmenLife consistent with the fraternal nature of WoodmenLife and the role of the fraternal lodge system, as defined by law, in fulfilling the purposes and objectives of WoodmenLife.

(b) Scope. This Section 1 shall apply whenever a member, chapter, Jurisdiction, or WoodmenLife has a grievance involving chapter or Jurisdiction matters or wishes to initiate charges against any other member, chapter, Jurisdiction or WoodmenLife believed to have violated this Constitution and Laws or the chapter or Jurisdictional Bylaws, or to have engaged in conduct detrimental to the best interests of the member, chapter, Jurisdiction, or WoodmenLife. This Section 1 shall not apply, and Section 2 shall apply, whenever the matter in dispute involves a member's, benefit certificate owner's, beneficiary's or payor's claim for damages, or claim for redress for a violation of his or her individual rights or for a denial of individual privileges or benefits which he/she claims as a member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor or in cases where WoodmenLife invokes the procedure against a member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor regarding individual rights, individual privileges or benefits. This section shall not apply to any dispute regarding a security owned by a public customer.

(c) Procedures.

(1) Chapter Grievances and Charges Against Members. Chapter grievances and charges against members initiated by other members under this Section 1 shall be filed in writing with the Chapter Secretary, with a copy to the President & CEO of WoodmenLife. The Chapter Secretary shall review the grievance and/or charge and render a determination within thirty days of receipt of the grievance and/or charge. The Chapter Secretary's determination of the grievance and/or charge may be appealed in writing to the President & CEO of WoodmenLife within thirty days of the Chapter Secretary's determination. The President & CEO's decision shall be final unless the member or chapter files a written appeal of the decision within thirty days to the Judiciary Committee as provided for in Article 9 of this Constitution and Laws. The decision of the President & CEO will be effective unless and until the decision is modified by the Judiciary Committee.

(2) Chapter and Jurisdiction Grievances or Charges Against WoodmenLife. Chapter and Jurisdiction grievances and charges against WoodmenLife under this Section 1 shall be filed in writing with the President & CEO of WoodmenLife. The President & CEO shall review the grievance and/or charge and render a determination within thirty days of receipt of the grievance or charge. The President & CEO's decision will be final unless the chapter files a written appeal of the decision within thirty days to the Judiciary Committee as provided for in Article 9 of this Constitution and Laws. The decision of the President & CEO will be effective unless and until the decision is modified by the Judiciary Committee.

Sec. 2. Resolution of Individual Disputes.
(a) Purpose. The purpose of this Section 2 is to provide opportunities for members, benefit certificate owners, beneficiaries, payors, and WoodmenLife or any subordinate bodies or affiliates of WoodmenLife, including its former and current members of the National Board of Directors, officers, employees, Representatives, associates and agents of same, to be promptly heard and to seek fair resolution of any and all disputes arising from or related to the rights, privileges, benefits, entitlements or status that a member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor may claim or enjoy from a benefit certificate or membership in WoodmenLife, including any disputes arising from or related to a member's involvement in the activities of any subordinate body or affiliate of WoodmenLife. Said process is consistent with the fraternal nature of WoodmenLife without the delay and expense of formal legal proceedings. This Section 2 is intended to apply to WoodmenLife or any subordinate body or affiliate of WoodmenLife, including its former and current members of the National Board of Directors, officers, employees, Representatives, associates and agents of same, to all current and future members, benefit certificate owners, beneficiaries, and payors and to all current and future benefit certificates.

(b) Scope. This Section 2 shall apply whenever a member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor of WoodmenLife makes any claim for damages, or claims any form of redress for any alleged interference with, or violation of, any right, privilege, benefit, or interest as set forth in subsection (a) above which he or she claims or enjoys as a member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor including, but not limited to, disputes involving alleged fraud, tortuous conduct, negligence, misrepresentation, breach of contract, discrimination, denial of civil rights, conspiracy, defamation, or infliction of distress caused by WoodmenLife or any subordinate body or affiliate of WoodmenLife or any former or current member of the National Board of Directors, officers, employees, Representatives, associates, or agents of same and disputes regarding the denial of benefit claims under any certificate to the extent procedures of this Section 2 are not prohibited by applicable law. No lawsuit may be filed against WoodmenLife or any former or current member of the National Board of Directors, officers, employees, Representatives, associates or agents of WoodmenLife or any subordinate body or affiliate of WoodmenLife regarding any dispute covered by this Section 2 until the procedures described herein have been exhausted; a lawsuit may then be filed only if the applicable law does not recognize the procedures herein to be final and binding with respect to the matter in dispute. The scope of this paragraph is intended to include any and all claims of any nature that WoodmenLife or any subordinate body or affiliate of WoodmenLife might wish to invoke against a member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor regarding individual rights, privileges, or benefits claimed by a member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor. Nothing contained herein shall be deemed to supersede the provisions of Article 7, Section 8 of this Constitution and Laws.

This Section 2 shall specifically apply (i) in the event WoodmenLife or any former or current member of the National Board of Directors, officers, employees, Representatives, associates, or agents of same or any subordinate body or affiliate of WoodmenLife becomes or is made a party to any court or other legal proceeding to determine to whom any benefit of a benefit certificate shall be made payable because of conflicting claims, or (ii) to the payment of any benefit of a benefit certificate whereby WoodmenLife acknowledges that money or a benefit is payable but because two or more parties have submitted conflicting claims for the money or benefit payment, WoodmenLife is unable to determine to whom such benefit shall be paid. This Section 2 shall apply even in circumstances where WoodmenLife has not been made a party to any such dispute, conflicting claim, court, or other legal proceeding.

This Section shall not apply to any dispute regarding a security owned by a public customer. Such disputes are governed by Article 8, Section 3, as stated herein.

(c) Initiating the Procedure. A member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, payor, or WoodmenLife seeking to initiate the dispute resolution procedure of this Section 2 shall contact the designated Dispute Resolution Official of WoodmenLife, who shall assist the member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, payor, or WoodmenLife in requesting and arranging for the following dispute resolution steps:

Step 1. Informal negotiation arranged by the Dispute Resolution Official, involving the member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary or payor, and officials of WoodmenLife as appropriate to the dispute.

Step 2. If step 1 does not result in a mutually satisfactory resolution, mediation administered by and in accordance with the applicable mediation rules of the American Arbitration Association (or another neutral organization or party mutually agreed upon. If either party to the dispute elects not to participate in mediation, then the parties will proceed to step 3.

Step 3. If step 2 does not result in a mutually satisfactory resolution, arbitration administered by and in accordance with the applicable arbitration rules of the American Arbitration Association (or another neutral organization or party mutually agreed upon. The arbitrator may award any and all damages, or other relief allowed for the claim in dispute by applicable federal or state law. Unless (and to the extent) prohibited by the applicable law with respect to the issue in dispute, the decision of the arbitrator shall be final and binding, subject only to the right to appeal such decision by applicable state and/or federal law. In no event shall an appeal be taken in or through the American Arbitration Association or under any rules providing for such appeals by any other neutral or neutral third party organization. The member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor shall have the right to consult with legal counsel of his or her choosing at any time and, throughout steps 2 and 3, shall have the right to be directly represented by legal counsel, shall have reasonable access to and discovery of relevant information, and shall have reasonable notice of the dates and times of the mediation and/or arbitration meetings. Any costs for representation by legal counsel shall be borne by the member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor. Every reasonable effort shall be made to complete step 1 within thirty days of the date the notice of dispute is received from the member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor; step 2 within an additional forty-five days; and step 3 within an additional ninety days. These timelines are intended as a guideline only, and failure to complete any step within the aforementioned time periods will not invalidate the process or the continuation of the process. It is in everyone's best interest to raise and resolve disputes promptly; WoodmenLife shall not be obligated to process a dispute brought after the applicable statute of limitations period has expired. All mediation and arbitration meetings/hearings shall be conducted at a location convenient to the parties in the member's, benefit certificate owner's, beneficiary's, or payor's state of residence, unless the parties mutually agree on another location.

(d) Rules and Procedures. WoodmenLife has established rules and procedures for handling all matters submitted under each step in the Dispute Resolution Procedure. Those rules and procedures are incorporated by this reference and may be modified from time to time by WoodmenLife.

(e) Restriction on Joinder of Disputes. The procedures of this Section 2 are designed to afford individual members, benefit certificate owners, beneficiaries, payors, and WoodmenLife or any former or current member of the National Board of Directors, officers, employees, Representatives, associates, or agents of same, or any subordinate body or affiliate of WoodmenLife, a prompt, fair and efficient means of resolving their individual disputes. Accordingly, no disputes may be brought forward in a representative capacity or on behalf of any “class� of persons, and the disputes of multiple members, benefit certificate owners, beneficiaries, or payors (other than immediate family, which shall be defined as the spouse of any member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor filing a claim and any dependent children currently residing in the same home) may not be joined together for purposes of these procedures without the express written consent of (i) all members, benefit certificate owners, beneficiaries, and payors affected thereby, and (ii) the President & CEO of WoodmenLife.

(f) Costs. The costs incurred by the member/benefit certificate owner/beneficiary/payor and WoodmenLife in proceedings under this Section 2 are limited to the fees of mediators or arbitrators and filing fees, which shall be paid out of a Dispute Resolution Fund established by WoodmenLife. Each party shall pay its own attorneys' fees and all associated costs. Because all decisions made by any arbitrator are final and binding on all parties, WoodmenLife shall not be obligated to pay any costs associated with or incurred by any member/benefit certificate owner/beneficiary or payor who attempts to appeal any final decision of any arbitrator, whether such attempt is made through appeal to the state or federal courts or through any neutral or neutral third party organization. Any and all such costs shall be borne solely by the member/beneficiary/certificate owner or payor who attempts such appeal.

(g) Effect of Applicable Law. In cases where a claim or dispute is subject to law which prohibits agreements to submit future disputes to binding arbitration and where such law is applicable and not preempted by any contrary law, then unless both the individual (member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary, or payor) and WoodmenLife have voluntarily agreed to binding arbitration after the claim or dispute has arisen, step 3 of the procedure set forth above shall be nonbinding, and the member, benefit certificate owner, beneficiary or payor will be so advised. In all other cases, step 3 of the procedure set forth above shall be binding.

Sec. 3. Resolution of Disputes of Security Holders.
Any dispute regarding a security owned by a public and/or institutional customer shall be governed by the terms and conditions of Woodmen Financial Services, Inc.'s Customer Agreement and Pre-Dispute Arbitration Agreement.

Article 9


Judiciary Committee and Appeals Thereto

Jurisdiction and Powers.
The Judiciary Committee shall have appellate de novo jurisdiction, based on the written record only, in all cases where the alleged offender is found guilty of violating any provision of this Constitution and Laws, provided an appeal is taken as provided in Article 8, Section 1, within thirty days after written notice is received by the person found guilty, setting forth the grounds, together with the record, or that part thereof, upon which the appeal is based and the same is filed with the Secretary of WoodmenLife. The Secretary of WoodmenLife shall forward the appeal, together with the record of said proceedings, to the Secretary of the Judiciary Committee. The committee shall meet prior to each regular session of the National Convention when any such appeal is pending, at which time it shall consider all such appeals and render a written decision thereon, which shall be reported by the Chairman to the National Convention, which may affirm or reverse the decision in whole or in part. The Judiciary Committee may allow arguments by the appellant and respondent, or any attorney on their behalf, during the consideration of any appeal.

Article 10


Amendments and Other Matters

Sec. 1. Modes of Amending.
This Constitution and Laws may be altered or amended at any meeting of the National Convention by two-thirds vote of the National Convention Representatives constituting the same or any meeting of the National Board of Directors by a two thirds vote of the members thereof or otherwise the same shall be rejected.


Sec. 2. Amendment Proposals.
(a) Duties of the Governance Committee of the National Board of Directors. The Governance Committee of the National Board of Directors may recommend and/or review proposals for amending WoodmenLife's Articles, Constitution and Laws and such recommendations, if any, shall be submitted to the National Board of Directors for consideration.

(b) Duties of General Counsel. WoodmenLife's General Counsel or his designee(s) shall consider all proposals for amending the Constitution and Laws as may be submitted to him from any National Director and the General Counsel shall submit such proposal along with his analysis, if any, to the National Board of Directors. WoodmenLife's General Counsel or his designee shall further consider all proposals for amending the Constitution and Laws from any of the Jurisdictional Conventions and/or the National Convention Officers that were submitted to the General Counsel at least sixty days prior to the National Convention, and he shall present his recommendations, if any, to the, Legislation Committee in writing.

(c) Duties of Legislation Committee. The President & CEO of WoodmenLife shall establish a time and place for the Legislation Committee to meet prior to each regular session of the National Convention. The Committee shall consider all proposals for amending this Constitution and Laws as may be submitted to it from the General Counsel pursuant to Article 10, Section 2(b). The Committee shall submit in writing its recommendations, if any, to the next regular session of the National Convention for consideration by the National Convention Representatives.

(d) Two-Thirds Vote Required to Adopt. The recommendations of the Legislation Committee, if any, shall be submitted to the next regular session of the National Convention which may adopt same only by a two-thirds vote of all National Convention Representatives, or otherwise the same shall be rejected.


Sec. 3. Power to Correct Typographical Errors.
The National Convention directs the Executive Officers of WoodmenLife to correct typographical errors that might appear in the foregoing Constitution and Laws and to renumber the Articles, Sections, subsections, and/or subparagraphs in codifying the same so as to place them in proper order but without changing the context, intent and purpose thereof.

Should any Article, Section, or part of this Constitution and Laws be held invalid for any reason whatsoever by any court of competent jurisdiction, such holding shall not affect the remainder or any part thereof.

Sec. 4. Masculine Includes Feminine and Plural the Singular.
Whenever in this Constitution and Laws and attachments thereto the masculine pronoun is used, it shall be deemed to include the feminine. Whenever any word or words denoting the singular number is used, it shall be deemed to include the plural, and vice versa; provided, however, the context thereof does not clearly prohibit such interpretation.

Sec. 5. Effective Date of This Constitution and Laws.
This Constitution and Laws and attachments thereto, as amended and adopted by a regularly scheduled meeting of WoodmenLife's National Board of Directors and effective March 1, 2017, shall be in full force and effect on and after March 1, 2017, and shall apply to all benefit certificates of membership issued or assumed by WoodmenLife.

Sec. 6. Parliamentary Authority.
For all matters of procedure before the National Convention, the National Board of Directors and subordinate bodies, the most currently available edition of Robert's Rules of Order shall be the parliamentary authority unless specifically covered in this Constitution and Laws or by specific rules of procedure adopted by the National Board of Directors.

PLEASE NOTE:
(Chapter Bylaws, Jurisdictional Bylaws, Duties of Executive Officers, Rules of Order for Use by Subordinate Bodies and the rules and procedures governing the Dispute Resolution Procedure have not been included in this version. They are available upon request by calling 1-800-328-2968; visiting our website woodmen.org or submitting the request in writing to the Home Office at 1700 Farnam Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68102.)



WEB6 - 3/1/2017

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